Matthew Merrins

Position title: Assistant Professor, Medicine

Email: merrins@wisc.edu

Phone: Pancreatic islet metabolism and diabetes; live-cell imaging, electrophysiology, and protein biochemistry

Address:
Education
BA 2001 Oberlin College, Oberlin, OH
PhD 2008 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
Postdoctoral position 2014 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Matthew Merrins

NIH Biosketch

PubMed Publications

Research Focus

Research in our laboratory focuses on metabolic signaling in the pancreatic islets of Langerhans. As metabolic sensors for the organism, islets regulate blood glucose by releasing the hormones insulin and glucagon. Our main interests lie in two features of nutrient metabolism in islet cells, (1) the ability to trigger pulses of insulin release, and (2) the ability to fine-tune hormone secretion through cell-cell communication. To understand how these processes adapt to environmental stress, we utilize mouse models of obesity/diabetes in combination with biochemistry, patch clamp electrophysiology, and quantitative imaging. A central focus of the lab is the use of fluorescence microscopy (3D light-sheet imaging, optogenetics, and 2-photon microscopy) to monitor biochemical reactions as they occur in living cells.

Active Projects

Regulation of pulsatile insulin secretion by pyruvate kinases 

There are three isoforms of PK expressed in the pancreatic islets cells – constitutively active PKM1, and the dynamically regulated isoforms PKM2 and PKL.  We are working to understand how these crucial glycolytic enzymes control metabolic and electrical activity in beta cells.

Communication between metabolism and the cell cycle machinery 

Currently we are studying the effects of two cyclin-dependent kinases, CDK1 and CDK2, on beta cell mitochondrial metabolism and electrical activity. These kinases are responsive to age and obesity, two major risk factors for diabetes.

Nutrient regulation of islet cell-cell communication: 3D lightsheet imaging and optogenetics  

To understand precisely how nutrients control hormone secretion, the goals of this project are: 1) measure the activity of every islet cell, 2) manipulate the activity of every cell, and 3) computationally analyze/model these circuits and their failure in diabetes. We’ve constructed a 3D lightsheet microscope capable of recording biosensors in intact islets at speeds up to 10 Hz, while stimulating or repressing islet cell activity using optogenetics.

Program Activities

  • Joined ERP Program: 2015
  • Teaching
    • Medicine 720: Endocrinology & Metabolism
  • ERP T32 Faculty Trainer

Trainees

No past or current ERP students